The U.S. online grocery market finished October with $7.8 billion in total sales, down 3% compared to a year ago and flat versus the prior month, according to the monthly Brick Meets Click/Mercatus Grocery Shopping Survey fielded October 28-29, 2022.
According to the survey, while October’s year-over-year decline was similar to the prior month, October’s results were driven by different factors, including changes in spending per order, order frequency, and monthly active users (MAUs), that were not evenly distributed across the leading retail formats like Mass and Grocery.
“Beneath the top-line results, the monthly active user base grew much faster for Mass than for Grocery versus last year, which may be driven to some degree by inflation’s impact on household spending, but it also reflects the ability of Mass to provide a better shopping experience,” said David Bishop, partner at Brick Meets Click. “Improving the shopping experience is vital for conventional supermarkets’ long-term success as the appeal of shopping online has more to do with convenience than cost.”
During October, and unlike the prior month, all three segments (Pickup, Delivery, and Ship-to-Home) experienced slowdowns in spending per transaction, declining 5% in aggregate versus the same period last year.
Ship-to-Home’s average order value (AOV) contracted the most, dropping nearly 11% versus a year ago; Delivery’s AOV slipped more than 7% and Pickup’sdipped just over 3% during the comparable periods.
This broad-based downturn in online grocery spending suggests that customers are either shifting some purchases offline and/or buying fewer items in general due to a challenging economic outlook combined with persistent price inflation.
Order frequency, defined as the number of orders received by MAUs during the period, was another area where October trends differed from those in September. The composite order frequency for October fell nearly 7% as all three segments slipped versus last year.
For the specific segments, Ship-to-Home MAUs declined the most, receiving 12% fewer orders in October than last year, while Pickup contracted 7%, and Delivery was essentially flat, declining less than half a percent. The softening of this metric indicates a subtle shift in how customers get groceries, with offline purchases gaining from more in-store trips.
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The overall eGrocery MAU base, which encompasses users of Pickup, Delivery, and Ship-to- Home, grew by 10% in October on a year-over-year basis but slipped slightly versus last month.
Each segment experienced growth in its respective MAU base, driven by a 10% gain for Delivery, followed by an almost 8% lift for Pickup, and a nearly 6% bump in Ship-to-Home users, the survey indicates.
Although the difference between the MAU base for October and September may reflect the impact of less-frequent customers who cycle in and out of online grocery shopping, the positive trends across the board highlight a larger customer base that retailers can nurture to unlock additional, latent demand.
The effects of persistent price inflation were evident in total grocery spending as the average dollars spent on groceries per household during the last week of October increased 15% versus last year. During that period, online’s share of spending dipped around 50 basis points, accounting for 11.6% of total grocery sales in October of this year.
Excluding the Ship-to-Home segment (since it is not offered by most conventional supermarkets), Pickup and Delivery’s combined contribution was 9.4% during the same period.
For October, the cross-shopping rate between Grocery and Mass, which measures the share of Grocery MAUs who also shopped online for groceries with Mass during the same period, remained steady versus last month at nearly 28% and rose two percentage points compared to a year ago.
While approximately two-thirds of this group also shopped with Walmart during both 2021 and 2022, the share that shopped with Target has grown, climbing from about one-third of the group last year to nearly one-half this year. This shopping metric highlights for conventional supermarkets that a sizable portion of their MAU base is likely forming their shopping expectations based on experiences with big-box rivals.
“As grocery retailers look to strengthen their share of monthly active online grocery shoppers, they should focus on working smarter, not harder,” said Sylvain Perrier, president and CEO, Mercatus. “This means making sure that your assortment is accurately reflected online, the online ordering process is engaging and streamlined, and there are no unfortunate surprises for customers during the order assembly and receiving process.”